Toothache and sensitivity are common dental issues; they range from mild to severe and in extreme cases they can have a real impact on day-to-day life.
Toothache is a very common problem and sometimes, it’s nothing to worry about; however, often, it is a sign of an underlying or developing problem and it is always best to see your dentist, just to make sure. Toothache can be a sign of decay or an abscess and treating these early is always the best option; decay gets worse with time and abscesses are extremely painful.
Toothache can also be caused by injury to the tooth; if you have bitten down on something hard, been involved in an accident or a fight or you have accidentally banged your tooth, you may have chipped or broken the tooth and this can result in tooth pain, especially when you use the affected to chew food or bite down.
Sensitivity is usually experienced when you eat or drink very hot or cold foods or drinks; it is characterised by a tingling sensation and pain; it is also possible to experience sensitivity when you are exposed to cold or hot air or you eat something sharp, sugary or acidic.
Sensitivity is commonly caused by enamel wear; when the enamel becomes thin or worn, the dentin becomes exposed. Dentin is the layer of the tooth, which contains the nerves and blood vessels and when it is exposed, this causes pain. Enamel wear or erosion can be caused by eating sugary and acidic foods, poor oral hygiene or injury.
It is also fairly common to experience sensitivity following tooth whitening treatment
You should see your dentist for a check-up every 6 months, but if you experience tooth pain, sensitivity or symptoms of gum disease such as bleeding when you brush or sore, swollen gums, you should try and see your dentist as soon as possible; it is always better to get checked out, as leaving the issues will only make them get worse.
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