Gum disease affects all and can be caused by poor oral hygiene, lack of dental care, illness or smoking. Tooth decay is the main contributor to the development of gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontal disease.
Brushing teeth daily after meals and before bed time, as well as flossing, helps keep the mouth clean and free of harmful bacteria. Sticky plaque is naturally present in the mouth around the teeth, on the palate and tongue, and may build up with food debris. Cleaning away plaque, including from dentures and orthodontic devices, prevents plaque build up, excess colonisation of bacteria, that may cause tooth decay.
Plaque may form hard tartar or calculus that is best cleaned and scaled by our dental hygienist. Acidic levels within saliva rise with plaque build-up, destroying dental enamel and causing cavities. White fillings seal cavities and prevent the onset of infections and gum disease.
We screen for oral cancer and gum disease through regular dental check-ups. Dentists look for signs of gingivitis, such as swollen, inflamed, and red gum tissue. Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease that develops from gingivitis with symptoms of bleeding gums, loose teeth and bad breath.
Smokers are at higher risk of gum disease as plaque layers develop on the teeth, palate and tongue. Our dental hygienist provides guidance to smokers on products they may use to keep their mouths fresh and free of decay-causing bacteria. Poor nutrition and consuming foods with high acid or sugar levels may erode tooth enamel. Eating a healthy, varied and balanced diet improves oral health and prevents development of gum disease.
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