Gum disease is a common problem and most adults in the UK experience symptoms at some stage. It often presents itself as a mild condition, but it can become serious if left untreated, whereupon there is a risk of severe infection and tooth loss. Gum disease is the most common root of lost teeth in UK adults.
The condition is brought on by bacteria which when combined with food particles leads to the development of plaque, which clings to the surfaces of the teeth and gum line. Plaque can be removed from the mouth by brushing, but it can collect and turn into tartar if not cleaned properly. Tartar is a hard substance that cannot be removed by brushing. The chief cause of gum disease is plaque build-up, but smokers and patients with underlying health conditions have a higher risk of developing gum disease.
The mild form of gum disease is known as gingivitis and symptoms include swollen gums, soreness and tenderness and bleeding, most common after brushing.
Gingivitis can usually be remedied with oral hygiene and intensive cleaning. However, if it is left untreated it can lead to the beginnings of periodontal disease, which causes irreversible damage to the teeth and the supportive bone tissue underneath the gums.
Symptoms of periodontal disease include the development of pockets between the teeth and gums, continual bad breath, abscesses, pain in the gums, pus oozing from the gums and loose teeth; eventually, the teeth may fall out. If you would to know more about gum disease and treatments available please contact the team at Harley Street Dental Studio in the very heart of London.
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