Bleeding gums can be a symptom of gum disease, so it’s always a good idea to keep an eye out for bleeding when you brush your teeth and other signs, such as swelling and pain. With gum disease, early treatment is best because the condition gets worse and if it is left untreated, it can cause permanent damage.
Gum disease is a common oral disease, which is caused by harmful bacteria. In its mild form, gingivitis, gum disease is relatively easy to treat; however, when it becomes more advanced, it causes irreversible damage to the bone structure, which supports the teeth, and this usually results in tooth loss. The main cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, which results in the formation of plaque; other risk factors include smoking and a poor diet.
What to do if you spot bleeding gums
Bleeding gums are often the most obvious sign of gum disease and most people notice bleeding when they brush their teeth. If you have bleeding gums, it’s advisable to arrange to see your dentist as soon as you are able. Even if you don’t have gum disease, it’s always best to get checked out just in case you need treatment.
Other signs to look out for include inflammation, pain and tenderness in the gums.
Preventing gum disease
The most effective weapon against gum disease is a good daily oral hygiene regime, which helps to prevent plaque formation. Plaque is a sticky substance, which irritates the gums and erodes the enamel, increasing the risk of gum disease and decay. Brushing twice a day and flossing help to remove bacteria before they can form plaque. Eating well, avoiding sugary and acidic foods and drinks and avoiding smoking can also help to reduce the risk of gum disease.